Gorillas are large, powerful primates that are native to the forests of central and eastern Africa. They are the largest living primates and are closely related to humans, sharing about 98% of our DNA. There are two species of gorillas: the eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) and the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla). Each species is further divided into subspecies. There are known for their muscular build, with males being much larger than females. Adult male gorillas, known as silverbacks, can weigh up to 400 pounds (180 kilograms) and stand around 5.9 feet (1.8 meters) tall when on their hind legs. They have a broad chest, long arms, and a prominent sagittal crest on their forehead, which provides attachment points for their strong jaw muscles. Gorillas are herbivorous and primarily eat leaves, shoots, fruits, and stems. They live in social groups called troops, which typically consist of one dominant silverback, several adult females, and their offspring. The silverback is responsible for protecting the group and maintaining order within the troop. These primates are generally peaceful, but they can become aggressive if they feel threatened or if a rival male challenges the dominant silverback. Gorillas communicate through a variety of vocalizations, including grunts, roars, and barks, as well as body language such as chest-beating and displays of power. Unfortunately, gorillas are considered endangered species due to habitat loss, poaching, and diseases. Conservation efforts are underway to protect their populations and their habitats. Organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and local conservation groups are working to raise awareness and implement measures to safeguard gorillas and their ecosystems. Is there anything specific you would like to know about gorillas?